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Pathogenic Aspergillus Strains Identification and Antifungal Susceptibility Analysis of 452 Cases with Otomycosis in Jingzhou, China.

Mycopathologia 2024 April 6
OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of pathogenic Aspergillus strains of otomycosis in central China and the identification of their antifungal sensitivity.

METHODS: We collected external ear canal secretions clinically diagnosed as otomycosis from April 2020 to January 2023 from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery in central China. The pathogenic Aspergillus strains were identified through morphological examination and sequencing. The antifungal sensitivity was performed using the broth microdilution method described in the Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute document M38-A3.

RESULTS: In the 452 clinical strains isolated from the external ear canal, 284 were identified as Aspergillus terreus (62.83%), 92 as Aspergillus flavus (20.35%), 55 as Aspergillus niger (12.17%). In antifungal susceptibility tests the MIC of Aspergillus strains to bifonazole and clotrimazole was high,all the MIC90 is > 16 ug/mL. However, most Aspergillus isolates show moderate greatly against terbinafine, itraconazole and voriconazole.

CONCLUSION: A. terreus is the most common pathogenic Aspergillus strain in otomycosis in central China. The selected topical antifungal drugs were bifonazole and clotrimazole; the drug resistance rate was approximately 30%. If the infection is persistent and requires systemic treatment, terbinafine and itraconazole can be used. The resistance of Aspergillus in otomycosis to voriconazole should be screened to avoid the systemic spread of infection in immunocompromised people and poor compliance with treatment. However, the pan-azole-resistant strain of Aspergillus should be monitored, particularly in high-risk patients with otomycosis.

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