Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Changes of uterocervical angle and cervical length in early and mid-pregnancy and their value in predicting spontaneous preterm birth.

Objective: To explore the feasibility of transvaginal ultrasound measurement of uterocervical angle (UCA) and cervical length (CL) in early and mid-pregnancy and evaluate their combined prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in singleton pregnancies. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study comprised 274 pregnant women who underwent transvaginal ultrasound measurement of CL in mid-pregnancy (15-23+6 weeks); in 75 among them, CL also had been measured in early-pregnancy (<14 weeks). These 274 pregnant women were further divided into a preterm group (n = 149, <37 weeks gestation) and a control group (n = 125, >37 weeks gestation) according to delivery before or after 37 weeks, respectively. In the preterm group, 35 patients delivered before 34 weeks and the remaining 114 delivered between 34 and 37 weeks. Results: The optimal threshold of CL to predict preterm birth risk in women with <37 weeks gestation was 3.38 cm, and the optimal threshold of the UCA to predict preterm birth risk in the same group of women was 96°. The optimal threshold of CL to predict preterm birth risk in women with <34 weeks gestation was 2.54 cm, while that of the UCA in the same group of patients was 106°. The area under the curve for predicting preterm birth by combining the UCA and CL measurements was greater than that by using the UCA or CL alone ( p < 0.01). The sensitivity and specificity for predicting preterm birth at <34 weeks gestation was 71.7% and 86.4%, respectively; and the sensitivity and specificity for predicting preterm birth at <37 weeks gestation was 87.6% and 80.6%, respectively. The difference between the two groups in CL and UCA were not significant in early pregnancy ( p > 0.01), but only in mid-pregnancy ( p < 0.01). There was a negative correlation between UCA and gestational week at delivery (r = -0.361, p < 0.001) and a positive correlation between CL and gestational week at delivery (r = 0.346, p < 0.001) in mid-pregnancy. The proportion of deliveries at <34 weeks was highest when the UCA was >105°, and the proportion of deliveries between 35 and 37 weeks was highest when the UCA was between 95° and 105°. The proportion of deliveries at <34 weeks was highest when the CL was <2.5 cm. Conclusion: The combination of UCA and CL has a better ability to predict preterm birth than either measurement alone. A more obtuse UCA or a shorter CL is associated with an earlier spontaneous preterm birth. The UCA increases from early to mid-pregnancy, while the CL decreases from early to mid-pregnancy.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app