Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Traditional Thrombus Composition and Related Endovascular Outcomes: Catching up with the Recent Evidence.

Neurointervention 2024 April 5
Endovascular thrombectomy is the primary treatment for acute intracranial vessel occlusion and significantly improves recanalization success rate. However, achieving optimal recanalization remains a challenge. The histopathological components of thrombus composition play a crucial role in determining endovascular outcomes. This review aimed to consolidate the recent evidence on the impact of thrombus composition on mechanical properties and endovascular outcomes. The relationship between thrombus composition and mechanical properties was significant, with fibrin and/or platelet-rich thrombi being stiff, tough, elastic, and less deformable; fibrin-rich thrombi were sticky and had higher friction with the vessel wall. Erythrocyte composition was positively associated with successful recanalization, whereas lower platelet composition was associated with specific outcomes, such as the first-pass effect and complete recanalization. The number of thrombectomy device passes was possibly related to erythrocyte, platelet, and fibrin composition, with a smaller number of passes associated with erythrocyte-rich thrombi. Procedural time was consistently related to thrombus composition, with shorter times observed for erythrocyte-rich thrombi. The relationship between thrombus composition and secondary embolism remains inconclusive. Understanding the role of thrombus composition in endovascular outcomes is crucial to optimize stroke treatment. Although evidence suggests a link between thrombus composition and mechanical properties, further research is needed to establish stronger correlations and to reduce study variations. Exploring non-traditional thrombus components such as leukocytes and neutrophil extracellular traps is vital. Thrombus imaging could provide a practical solution for predicting thrombus composition before endovascular procedures. This review highlights the importance of thrombus composition for enhancing endovascular stroke treatment strategies.

Full text links

We have located open access text paper links.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app