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Hospital healthcare resource utilization and costs for chimeric antigen T-cell therapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplant in patients with large B-cell lymphoma in the United States.

Leukemia & Lymphoma 2024 April 4
The efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) is well-established. This study, using the Premier PINC AI Healthcare Database, assessed hospital costs and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) between CAR T-cell therapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (AHCT) for 733 LBCL patients from 01/01/2017-04/30/2021 (166 CAR T and 567 AHCT from 37 US hospital systems. CAR T-cell therapy had higher index costs but lower non-pharmacy costs, shorter hospital stays, lower ICU utilization than AHCT. The CAR T-cell cohort also presented fewer preparatory costs and HRU. At a 180-day follow-up, AHCT had lower hospitalization rates and costs. Overall, despite higher index costs, CAR T-cell therapy has lower non-pharmacy costs and HRU during the index procedure and requires less preparation time with lower preparation HRUs and costs than AHCT. This has important implications for resource management and informed decision-making for stakeholders.

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