Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Left atrial low-voltage areas, but not volume, predict the recurrence of atrial fibrillation in repeat ablation procedures.

INTRODUCTION: Left atrial (LA) low voltage areas (LVA) are a controversial target in atrial fibrillation ablation procedures. However, LVA and LA volume are good predictors of arrhythmia recurrence in ablation-naïve patients. Their predictive value in progressively diseased pre-ablated atria is uncertain.

METHODS: Consecutive patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial tachycardia (AT), who were scheduled for repeat LA ablation, were enrolled in the prospective Bernau ablation registry between 2016 and 2020. All patients received a complete LA ultrahigh-density map before ablation. Maps were analyzed for LA size, LVA percentage and distribution. The predictive value of demographic, anatomic, and mapping variables on AF recurrence was analyzed.

RESULTS: 160 patients (50.6% male, 1.3 pre-ablations, 60% persistent AF) with complete LA voltage maps were included. Mean follow-up time was 16 ± 11 months. Mean recorded electrograms (EGMs) per map were 9754 ± 5808, mean LA volume was 176.1 ± 35.9 ml and mean rate of LVAs <0.5 mV was 30.6% ± 23.1%. During follow-up recurrence rate of AF or AT >30 s was 55.6%. Patients with recurrence had a significant higher percentage of LVAs (40.0% vs. 18.8%, p < .001) but no relevant difference in LA volume (172 vs. 178 mL, p = .299). ROC curves revealed LVA as a good predictor for recurrence (AUC = 0.79, p < .001) and a cut-off of 22% LVAs with highest sensitivity (73.0%) and specificity (71.8%). Based on this cut off, event free survival was significantly higher in the Low LVA group (p < .01).

CONCLUSION: Total LVA percentage has a good predictive power on arrhythmia recurrence in a cohort of advanced scarred left atria in repeat procedures independent of the applied ablation strategy. Left atrial volume seems to have minor impact on the rhythm outcome in our study cohort.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app