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Reference intervals of circulating secretoneurin concentrations determined in a large cohort of community dwellers: the HUNT study.

OBJECTIVES: Secretoneurin (SN) is a novel cardiac biomarker that associates with the risk of mortality and dysfunctional cardiomyocyte Ca2+ handling in heart failure patients. Reference intervals for SN are unknown.

METHODS: SN was measured with a CE-marked ELISA in healthy community dwellers from the fourth wave of the Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT4) conducted in 2017-2019. The common, sex and age specific 90th, 95th, 97.5th and 99th percentiles were calculated using the non-parametric method and outlier exclusion according to the Reed test. The applicability of sex and age specific reference intervals were investigated using Harris and Boyd test. We also estimated the percentiles in a subset with normal findings on echocardiographic screening.

RESULTS: The total cohort included 887 persons (56.4 % women). After echocardiographic screening 122 persons were excluded, leaving a total of 765 persons (57.8 % women). The 97.5th percentile (95 % CI in brackets) of SN was 59.7 (57.5-62.1) pmol/L in the total population and 58.6 (57.1-62.1) pmol/L after echocardiography screening. In general, slightly higher percentiles were found in women and elderly participants, but less than 4 % in these subgroups had concentrations deviating from the common 97.5th percentile. Low BMI or eGFR was also associated with higher concentrations of SN.

CONCLUSIONS: Upper reference limits for SN were similar amongst healthy adult community dwellers regardless of prescreening including cardiac echocardiography or not. Women and elderly showed higher concentrations of SN, but the differences were not sufficiently large to justify age and sex stratified upper reference limits.

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