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Endoscopic transorbital approach in children: surgical technique and early results.

OBJECTIVE: In this study, the authors aimed to describe the endoscopic transorbital approach (ETOA) in children.

METHODS: Six pediatric patients (2 girls and 4 boys) underwent the ETOA for paramedian skull base lesions at a single institution between September 2016 and February 2023.

RESULTS: The median age at the time of surgery was 7.5 (range 4-18) years. The median follow-up period was 33 (range 9-60) months. In this series, the ETOA level of difficulty included stage 1 (n = 2, 33.3%), stage 3 (n = 3, 50%), and stage 5 (n = 1, 16.7%). The ETOA was performed for tumor resection in 4 cases; the final pathology consisted of fibrous dysplasia, pilocytic astrocytoma, metastatic neuroblastoma, and choroid plexus papilloma. The procedure was also performed for repair of a petrous apex meningocele and for lateral orbital wall decompression of traumatic lateral rectus muscle entrapment. One patient experienced a transient cranial nerve III palsy after the procedure. There were no operative deaths in this series.

CONCLUSIONS: In select cases, the ETOA can be considered a minimally invasive alternative for conventional skull base approaches in the armamentarium of pediatric skull base surgery. Further investigation and the accumulation of experience are warranted in the future to enhance the efficacy and applicability of the ETOA in pediatric patients.

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