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The Impact of Baohuoside I on the Metabolism of Tofacitinib in Rats.

PURPOSE: To study the potential drug-drug interactions between tofacitinib and baohuoside I and to provide the scientific basis for rational use of them in clinical practice.

METHODS: A total of eighteen Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: control group, single-dose group (receiving a single dose of 20 mg/kg of baohuoside I), and multi-dose group (receiving multiple doses of baohuoside I for 7 days). On the seventh day, each rat was orally administered with 10 mg/kg of tofacitinib 30 minutes after giving baohuoside I or vehicle. Blood samples were collected and determined using UPLC-MS/MS. In vitro effects of baohuoside I on tofacitinib was investigated in rat liver microsomes (RLMs), as well as the underlying mechanism of inhibition. The semi-inhibitory concentration value (IC50 ) of baohuoside I was subsequently determined and its inhibitory mechanism against tofacitinib was analyzed. Furthermore, the interactions between baohuoside I, tofacitinib and CYP3A4 were explored using Pymol molecular docking simulation.

RESULTS: The administration of baohuoside I orally has been observed to enhance the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) of tofacitinib and decrease the clearance (CL). The observed disparity between the single-dose and multi-dose groups was statistically significant. Furthermore, our findings suggest that the impact of baohuoside I on tofacitinib metabolism may be a mixture of non-competitive and competitive inhibition. Baohuoside I exhibit an interaction with arginine (ARG) at position 106 of the CYP3A4 enzyme through hydrogen bonding, positioning itself closer to the site of action compared to tofacitinib.

CONCLUSION: Our study has demonstrated the presence of drug-drug interactions between baohuoside I and tofacitinib, which may arise upon pre-administration of tofacitinib. Altogether, our data indicated that an interaction existed between tofacitinib and baohuoside I and additional cares might be taken when they were co-administrated in clinic.

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