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Knowledge about Breast Cancer and Barriers to Screening among Saudi Women in Al-Baha Region.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the knowledge about breast cancer and to identify the barriers in screening among Saudi women in the Al-Baha region. To achieve this, a cross-sectional study was conducted, involving 468 women, to assess their understanding of breast cancer and to explore the obstacles they face in accessing breast cancer screening services.

METHODS: The cross-sectional study included 468 women from Al Baha, Saudi Arabia, starting from May 17, 2022, to May 17, 2023. Participants were interviewed by well-trained team members of the research, and their responses were subsequently entered into a Google Form. This process aimed to evaluate their awareness, knowledge, and barriers to breast cancer screening.

RESULTS: The majority of participants (48.9%) were in the 18-28 age group. The findings reveal a high level of awareness (96.4%) among participants regarding the significance of early breast cancer detection. For the effectiveness of breast cancer treatment, 59% believed there is an effective treatment, while 32.9% were uncertain or did not know. Knowledge about various risk factors for breast cancer varied. Smoking (73.5%), genetic factors (65.6%), and a family history of breast cancer (70.7%) were well-recognized as risk factors. Education and occupation significantly influenced knowledge about breast cancer (p-value of 0.000, and 0.035 respectively).

CONCLUSION: this research highlights strong awareness of breast cancer's importance but gaps in knowledge regarding lesser-known factors. Education is crucial, requiring tailored campaigns and healthcare professional engagement.

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