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Factors Associated with Health-Related Quality of Life Among Breast Cancer Survivors in Saudi Arabia: Cross-Sectional Study.

BACKGROUND: Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a major concern among breast cancer survivors. Little is known about HRQO and its determinants in Saudi women with breast cancer (BC). This study aimed to describe the HRQOL of Saudi women with breast cancer and the association between HRQO and sociodemographic and clinical variables.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 147 BC participants who completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Multivariable linear logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine factors associated with HRQOL.

RESULTS: For the physical component scale, general health scored the highest (55.41±17.99) while, role physical function scored the lowest (48.61±22.51). The mean scores in the mental component were higher for social function (56.91±20.84), while the lowest score was observed for energy and vitality (49.62±20.84). Significant differences were observed in many SF-36 domains across the sociodemographic and clinical variables. Older age, having had a mastectomy as well as comorbid conditions, and receiving chemotherapy and hormonal therapy were associated with decreased HRQOL. However, being physically active, employed, and having more education were associated with higher HRQOL.

CONCLUSION: HRQOL is generally poor among breast cancer survivors in Saudi Arabia, depending on a variety of factors. These findings highlight the need for routine QOL assessment. Furthermore, recognizing these predictors may play a key role in maximizing HRQOL for breast cancer participants.

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