Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effect of adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation during adrenal vein sampling for the subtyping of primary aldosteronism: a prospective study.

OBJECTIVE: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is key for primary aldosteronism subtype identification. However, the value of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation in AVS is still controversial.

METHODS: In this prospective study, we investigated the role of continuous ACTH infusion on the performance and interpretation of bilateral simultaneous AVS using a standard protocol in 59 primary aldosteronism patients. We analyzed the selectivity index and lateralization index in AVS pre and post-ACTH and estimated the prognosis of patients who underwent adrenalectomy with different cutoff points of lateralization index post-ACTH.

RESULTS: The confirmed success rate of bilateral adrenal vein catheterization increased from 84% pre-ACTH to 95% post-ACTH. Fifty percent of the patients had a decline in lateralization index post-ACTH, 30% of patients showed unilateral primary aldosteronism pre-ACTH but bilateral primary aldosteronism post-ACTH according to lateralization index at least 2 pre-ACTH and lateralization index at least 4 post-ACTH. The outcomes of the patients with primary aldosteronism after adrenalectomy indicated that all patients achieved clinical and biochemical success regardless of lateralization index at least 4 or less than 4 post-ACTH. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that lateralization index cutoff 2.58 post-ACTH stimulation yielded the best threshold in lateralization with a sensitivity of 73.1% and a specificity of 92.9%.

CONCLUSION: ACTH stimulation increased the AVS success rates in patients with primary aldosteronism, reduced lateralization index in some cases and decreased the proportion of identified unilateral primary aldosteronism, resulting in some patients losing the opportunity for disease cure. Compared with lateralization index at least 4, a lower cutoff point of lateralization index at least 2.58 after ACTH stimulation has better accuracy of lateralization diagnosis.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app