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ERMA (TMEM94) is a P-type ATPase transporter for Mg 2+ uptake in the endoplasmic reticulum.

Molecular Cell 2024 April 5
Intracellular Mg2+ (i Mg2+ ) is bound with phosphometabolites, nucleic acids, and proteins in eukaryotes. Little is known about the intracellular compartmentalization and molecular details of Mg2+ transport into/from cellular organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We found that the ER is a major i Mg2+ compartment refilled by a largely uncharacterized ER-localized protein, TMEM94. Conventional and AlphaFold2 predictions suggest that ERMA (TMEM94) is a multi-pass transmembrane protein with large cytosolic headpiece actuator, nucleotide, and phosphorylation domains, analogous to P-type ATPases. However, ERMA uniquely combines a P-type ATPase domain and a GMN motif for ER Mg2+ uptake. Experiments reveal that a tyrosine residue is crucial for Mg2+ binding and activity in a mechanism conserved in both prokaryotic (mgtB and mgtA) and eukaryotic Mg2+ ATPases. Cardiac dysfunction by haploinsufficiency, abnormal Ca2+ cycling in mouse Erma+/- cardiomyocytes, and ERMA mRNA silencing in human iPSC-cardiomyocytes collectively define ERMA as an essential component of ER Mg2+ uptake in eukaryotes.

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