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Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Ocular Toxicity: Nursing, Patient, and Organizational Implications for Care.

BACKGROUND: Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are a novel class of drugs with rapidly expanding oncology indications across solid and hematologic malignancies.

OBJECTIVES: This article provides an overview of ADCs with a high risk of ocular reactions and guidance for oncology nurses to help mitigate risk and identify toxicities for prompt management.

METHODS: This review presents updated evidence, manufacturer recommendations, and clinical guidance about three ADCs with a risk of overall ocular reactions exceeding 40%, as well as strategies to prepare patients for treatment, prevent reactions, and respond to presenting ocular toxicities.

FINDINGS: ADCs can cause a range of ocular reactions from mild dry eye to severe and dose- limiting corneal adverse reactions and vision loss. Oncology nurses and other members of the interprofessional team can perform focused clinical assessment, provide patient education about self-management and prevention, and coordinate surrounding eye care for patients receiving treatment with ADCs.

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