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Effect of empagliflozin on left ventricular volumes in type 2 diabetes or prediabetes heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction.

Acta Cardiologica 2024 March 22
OBJECTIVE: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, such as empagliflozin are antidiabetic drugs that have recently been reported to have cardio-protective action; however, their effect on cardiac structure and function in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) has not yet been determined. This study evaluates the efficacy of empagliflozin on left ventricular (LV) volumes in type 2 diabetes or prediabetes patients with HFrEF.

METHODS: This randomised, double-blind, trial study was conducted on 104 patients with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes with HFrEF referred to Imam Khomeini and Golestan hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran. The patients were randomised to receive empagliflozin (10 mg once daily) in addition to standard treatments of HFrEF or receive only standard treatments (control group) for six months. During the six months of follow-up, changes in LV volumes, LVEF, hospitalisation for heart failure (HF) were evaluated.

RESULTS: Empagliflozin reduced LVEDVI and LVESVI by 10.0 and 8.0 mL/m2 ( p  < 0.0001). Furthermore, a significant increase in LVEF was observed in the empagliflozin group ( p  < 0.0001) without any significant change in the control group ( p  = 0.389). The hospitalisation rate was lower in the empagliflozin group than the control group (3.8% vs. 23.1%; p  = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS: Empagliflozin is effective in reducing LV volumes and hospitalisation rate in patients with type 2 diabetes and prediabetes and HFrEF. Therefore, treatment with empagliflozin for six months was associated with a significant reduction in adverse cardiovascular outcomes in these patients.

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