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Comparative Effectiveness of Tofacitinib and Adalimumab in Axial Spondyloarthritis: A Real-World Clinical Context Multicenter Study.

INTRODUCTION: Tofacitinib, an oral Janus kinase inhibitor, is a putative choice in the treatment of axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA). The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of tofacitinib with adalimumab, in AxSpA, in a real-world clinical setting.

METHODS: In this multicentric medical records review study, adult patients with active AxSpA treated with either tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily or adalimumab 40 mg subcutaneously fortnightly were recruited. Effectiveness was measured with Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). Drug-cost analysis was calculated with Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER drug ).

RESULTS: Among the 266 patients, 135 were treated with tofacitinib and 131 with adalimumab (follow-up: 6.5 ± 1.6 months). Mean improvement of BASDAI (3.39 ± 0.09 vs. 3.14 ± 1.16, respectively) and that of ASDAS (1.78 ± 0.68 vs. 2.07 ± 2.08, respectively) were comparable between the adalimumab and tofacitinib groups. A higher proportion of patients achieved BASDAI50 response in the second (49.5% vs. 31.6%) and fourth month (83.9% vs. 62.8%) and ASDAS low disease activity in the fourth month (71.6% vs. 47.9%) in the adalimumab group. All disease activity measurements were similar by the sixth month in both groups. A higher proportion of patients in the tofacitinib group than in the adalimumab group required change in therapy (14.8% vs. 7.6%, respectively). ICER drug for adalimumab compared with tofacitinib was US $188.8 per patient in the adalimumab group for each person-month with BASDAI <4.

CONCLUSIONS: Tofacitinib showed comparable effectiveness with adalimumab in patients with AxSpA at the sixth month, despite lesser response in the initial months, with favorable ICER drug .

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