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Impact Of Sensorineural Hearing Loss On Subjective Tinnitus Quality In Patients With Bilateral Tinnitus.

INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a frequent condition that indicates the sensation of sound in the absence of a corresponding external stimulus and can significantly impair the quality of life. The main risk factor for developing tinnitus is hearing loss. The diagnosis of tinnitus is based on history, assessment of tinnitus severity, clinical examination, and audiological tests. The main purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between the presence and level of hearing loss and the characteristics of tinnitus in patients with bilateral subjective tinnitus.

METHODS: Total number of 50 participants, 20 men, and 30 women were included in the research. Demographic data, data on hearing impairment obtained by tone audiometry, and data on difficulties caused by tinnitus obtained in two questionnaires - Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and Tinnitus Functional Index (TFI) were used.

RESULTS: Age above 30 years is significantly associated with tinnitus with hearing loss. Hearing impairment is also significantly more often associated with an auditory TFI index >6.7, a total THI index >20, and an emotional THI index >3. Hearing loss was noted in 76% of patients.

CONCLUSION: Tinnitus represents a significant burden for patients, therefore it is important to assess the impact of tinnitus on daily activities and quality of life.

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