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Indications, Associated Procedures, and Results of Ankle Plafond-Plasty for Varus Ankle Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

BACKGROUNDS: Plafond-plasty is a joint-preserving procedure to treat varus ankle osteoarthritis (OA) with asymmetrical joint involvement. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate indications, different surgical techniques, associated procedures, and results of plafond-plasty in varus ankle OA and to analyze the level of evidence (LOE) and quality of evidence (QOE) of the included studies.

METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed using MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane.

RESULTS: Five studies evaluating 99 ankles were included. A non-rigid varus ankle deformity and an ankle OA Takakura stage 3b or less were the most recommended pre-operative indications. Meta-analysis showed a significant post-operative improvement in clinical and radiological parameters. Many associated surgical procedures have been reported, the most frequent being medial additional supramalleolar osteotomy and lateral ankle ligament reconstruction. The level of evidence and methodological quality assessment of the included studies showed an overall low quality.

CONCLUSION: Plafond-plasty seems to be a promising surgical option when managing varus ankle OA with asymmetrical joint involvement, extending the indications for joint sparing surgery. Additional associated procedures should be carefully evaluated case-by-case.

LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: IV .

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