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The revised Psychosis Attachment Measure: further psychometric evidence.

PURPOSE: Disorganised attachment is a key concept in understanding the development of psychosis. However, existing questionnaires of adult attachment do not adequately measure this construct hindering future research into the psychosocial causes of psychosis. The most widely measure of adult attachment in people experiencing psychosis is the Psychosis Attachment Measure (PAM). The measure has recently been revised to include disorganised attachment items. This study develops previous research by providing a rigorous examination the psychometric properties of the revised questionnaire (PAM-R).

METHODS: A total of 407 participants with self-reported experiences of psychosis completed a battery of questionnaires which included the PAM-R and other measures which were conceptually related to the concept of disorganised attachment.

RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicated a three-factor solution with factors corresponding to anxious, avoidant, and disorganised attachment. The majority of the fit statistics were acceptable with the exception of the RMSEA statistic. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were good for all subscales. The disorganised subscale correlated in expected directions with other measures of attachment, dissociation, trauma, and psychotic experiences.

CONCLUSION: The PAM-R is a valid and reliable measure of adult attachment. It is a practical assessment tool for clinicians and researchers to measure insecure and disorganised attachment patterns that is acceptable to people experiencing psychosis.

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