Journal Article
Observational Study
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Prolactin-secreting tumors, dopamine agonists and pregnancy: a longitudinal experience of a tertiary neuroendocrine center.

Pituitary 2024 June
PURPOSE: Prolactin (PRL)-secreting tumours are associated with infertility and can be reverted by dopamine agonist (DA) therapy. The suspension of DA is recommended once pregnancy is established, as all DAs cross the placenta. The aim of the study was to evaluate the rate of maternal-foetal complications in women treated with cabergoline (CAB) or bromocriptine (BRM) for prolactinoma during gestation and the effect of pregnancy on prolactinoma progression.

METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study involving 43 women affected by prolactinoma who became pregnant during therapy with CAB or BRM for a total of 58 pregnancies. For each patient, medical records were analysed by integrating the data with outpatient or telephone interview.

RESULTS: At the time of conception, 18 women were in the BRM group, while 40 were in CAB group. No differences were found in obstetric or neonatal outcomes between the two groups. There was a significant difference (p = 0.046) in child complications reported in maternal interview found exclusively in the CAB group. No further confounding factors were detected. Disease remission rate after the first pregnancy was 42.9% and the main predictor was a lower PRL nadir before pregnancy (p = 0.023). No difference was detected between the two groups in terms of tumor remission. Breastfeeding did not modify the outcome.

CONCLUSION: Foetal exposure to DAs during the first weeks of embryogenesis is not associated with a greater risk of complications. The transient and mild developmental disorders recorded resolved spontaneously and the prevalence was substantially overlapping with that observed in the general population.

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