Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Downregulation of HMGB1 carried by macrophage-derived extracellular vesicles delays atherosclerotic plaque formation through Caspase-11-dependent macrophage pyroptosis.

Molecular Medicine 2024 March 17
BACKGROUND: Macrophage-derived extracellular vesicle (macrophage-EV) is highly studied for its regulatory role in atherosclerosis (AS). Our current study tried to elucidate the possible role of macrophage-EV loaded with small interfering RNA against high-mobility group box 1 (siHMGB1) affecting atherosclerotic plaque formation.

METHODS: In silico analysis was performed to find critical factors in mouse atherosclerotic plaque formation. EVs secreted by RAW 264.7 cells were collected by ultracentrifugation and characterized, followed by the preparation of macrophage-EV-loaded siHMGB1 (macrophage-EV/siHMGB1). ApoE-/- mice were used to construct an AS mouse model by a high-fat diet, followed by injection of macrophage-EV/siHMGB1 to assess the in vivo effect of macrophage-EV/siHMGB1 on AS mice. RAW264.7 cells were subjected to ox-LDL, LPS or macrophage-EV/siHMGB1 for analyzing the in vitro effect of macrophage-EV/siHMGB1 on macrophage pyrophosis and inflammation.

RESULTS: In silico analysis found that HMGB1 was closely related to the development of AS. Macrophage-EV/siHMGB could inhibit the release of HMGB1 from macrophages to outside cells, and the reduced HMGB1 release could inhibit foam cell formation. Besides, macrophage-EV/siHMGB also inhibited the LPS-induced Caspase-11 activation, thus inhibiting macrophage pyroptosis and preventing atherosclerotic plaque formation.

CONCLUSION: Our results proved that macrophage-EV/siHMGB could inhibit foam cell formation and suppress macrophage pyroptosis, finally preventing atherosclerotic plaque formation in AS mice.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app