Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Detection of acute pulmonary embolism using native repeated magnetic resonance imaging acquisitions under free-breathing and without respiratory or cardiac gating. A diagnostic accuracy study.

OBJECTIVES: Computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) is the gold standard diagnostic method for patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE), but it has its drawbacks, including exposure to ionizing radiation and iodinated contrast agent. The present study aims to evaluate the diagnostic performance of our in-house developed non-contrast MRI protocol for PE diagnosis in reference to CTPA.

METHODS: 107 patients were included, all of whom underwent MRI immediately before or within 36 hours after CTPA. Additional cases examined only with MRI and a negative result were added to reach a PE prevalence of approximately 20%. The protocol was a non-contrast 2D steady-state free precession (SSFP) sequence under free-breathing, without respiratory or cardiac gating, and repeated five times to capture the vessels at different breathing/cardiac phases. The MRIs were blinded and read by two radiologists and the results were compared to CTPA.

RESULTS: Of the 243 patients included, 47 were positive for PE. Readers 1 and 2 demonstrated 89% and 87% sensitivity, 100% specificity, 98% accuracy and Cohen's kappa of 0.88 on patient level. In the per embolus comparison, readers 1 and 2 detected, 60 and 59/61 (98, 97%) proximal, 101 and 94/113 (89, 83%) segmental, and 5 and 2/32 (16, 6%) subsegmental emboli, resulting in 81 and 75% sensitivity respectively.

CONCLUSION: The repeated 2D SSFP can reliably be used for the diagnosis of acute PE at the proximal and segmental artery levels.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app