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Successful Treatment of Erosive Lichen Planus With Tofacitinib: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.

Lichen planus (LP) is an inflammatory disease that affects the skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes. Erosive LP is a chronic and difficult-to-treat subtype of lichen planus, characterized by lesions on mucosal surfaces, particularly in the oral and genital areas. The prevalence of erosive LP has not been determined. To date, treatment has consisted of surgical intervention, photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, and systemic or topical drugs, including steroids and immunomodulatory agents. LP usually need longer periods of treatment and are known as precancerous lesions with a 0.4% to 12% conversion rate. In addition, nearly 25% of patients who develop erosive LP of the vulva are resistant to topical corticosteroids, which are the first choice of treatment. This study reports 6 cases with a mean age of 3.33 years, who were diagnosed with erosive LP lesions and previously failed in treatment with local, intralesional, and systemic steroids, and hydroxychloroquine. These patients were then treated with 10 mg of tofacitinib per day. Interestingly, with the new treatment, the patients' mean overall satisfaction score was 9.16 out of 10 (range: 8-10), the mean pain relief score was 9.16 out of 10 (range: 9-10) and patients' symptom improvement also began an average of 1.33 months after starting treatment (range: 1-2.5 months).

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