Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study
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Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the upright head roll test for lateral semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

BACKGROUND: The upright head roll test (UHRT) is a recently introduced diagnostic maneuver for lateral semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (LSC-BPPV).

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the UHRT.

METHODS: Two separate studies were conducted. Study 1 analyzed 827 results of videonystagmography (VNG) to assess UHRT reliability, and Study 2 analyzed 130 LSC-BPPV cases to evaluate UHRT validity.

RESULTS: The inter-test reliability between UHRT and the supine head roll test (SHRT) showed substantial agreement (Cohen's kappa = 0.753) in direction-changing positional nystagmus (DCPN) and almost perfect agreement (Cohen's kappa = 0.836) in distinguishing the direction of DCPN. The validity assessment of UHRT showed high accuracy in diagnosing LSC-BPPV (80.0%) and in differentiating the variant types (74.6%). UHRT was highly accurate in diagnosing the canalolithiasis type in LSC-BPPV patients (Cohen's kappa = 0.835); however, it showed only moderate accuracy in diagnosing the cupulolithiasis type (Cohen's kappa = 0.415). The intensity of nystagmus in UHRT was relatively weaker than that in SHRT (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: UHRT is a reliable test for diagnosing LSC-BPPV and distinguishing subtypes. However, UHRT has a limitation in discriminating the affected side owing to a weaker intensity of nystagmus than SHRT.

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