Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Gender differences in concussion-related knowledge, attitudes and reporting behaviors of varsity athletes.

BACKGROUND: Concussion is a pathophysiological process that occurs due to a traumatic biomechanical force. Concussions are an "invisible" and common traumatic brain injury with symptoms that may be underestimated. This necessitates fundamental improvements in public knowledge specifically addressing young university athletes and different genders. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the possibility of gender differences with respect to university student athletes' concussion knowledge, attitude and reporting behaviors. We hypothesized that there should be no significant difference in concussion knowledge among male and female student athletes; however, females would show a more positive attitude and more reporting behaviors than male student athletes.

METHODS: Overall, 115 university athlete students completed a survey questionnaire; we eliminated some participants based on required inclusion criteria of Rosenbaum Concussion Knowledge and Attitude Survey-student version (RoCKAS-ST). Our final analysis consisted of 96 participants: 20 males (mean age 21.15 years) and 75 females (mean age 22.36 years). This study included questions about the athletes' given reasons for reporting or not reporting a concussion. Additionally, 33 RoCKAS-ST questions on Concussion Knowledge Index (CKI) with fair test-retest reliability (r=0.67) and 15 items on Concussion Attitude Index (CAI) with satisfactory test-retest reliability (r=0.79) were provided.

RESULTS: Males reported more sources for learning about concussions and more sport-related reasons for reporting a concussion than females (P<0.05). Both genders provided equal numbers of reasons for neglecting a concussion report or not disclosing a concussion for the sake of others (i.e., family, teammates or the coach). Out of 16 given reasons for not reporting a concussion, males significantly chose sport-related reasons over female athletes (P<0.05). Additionally, by looking at the two components of RoCKAS-ST, the independent t-test results showed no significant gender-based differences in concussion knowledge and attitude indices (P>0.05). Nevertheless, females were less optimistic about evaluating other athletes' attitude over concussion reporting (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that concussion knowledge is not gender biased among Canadian university athletes; however, more investigation is required to learn how safe environments for concussion disclosure could encourage reporting the symptoms in varsity athletes, especially in males who are more susceptible to not reporting a concussion to not miss their sport-related goals.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app