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Endoscopic Hemostatic Treatment with a Novel Self-Assembling Peptide Gel for Precut Fistulotomy-Related Bleeding.

INTRODUCTION: Precut fistulotomy is of interest as one of the salvage techniques for selective bile duct cannulation using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Of the various endoscopic treatments reported to date for bleeding associated with papillotomy incision, endoscopic hemostasis treatment with a novel self-assembling peptide (SAP) matrix-forming gel (TDM-621) (3-D Matrix Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) remains only insufficiently reported in the literature.

CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report 6 cases of precut fistulotomy-related bleeding successfully treated with endoscopic hemostasis treatment with TDM-621, i.e., 5 and 1 cases during and after precut fistulotomy, respectively, in 2 males and 4 females aged 68-96 years (mean age, 85 years), 3 of whom had been on antithrombotic drugs. Types of bleeding treated included oozing bleeding ( n = 5) and oozing bleeding from a visible vessel ( n = 1). In all cases, complete hemostasis was achieved with TDM-621 without causing rebleeding.

CONCLUSION: Endoscopic hemostasis with TDM-621 may prove effective for precut fistulotomy-related bleeding and represent a potential modality of first choice in hemostasis. In addition, endoscopic hemostasis with combined modality therapy using TDM-621 and endoscopic hemoclips may prove effective for bleeding from visible vessels.

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