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Determining the predictors associated with the difficulty of adaptation to ageing of hospitalized older adults. Difficulty of older adult to aging .

OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictors associated with the difficulty of adaptation to ageing of hospitalized older adults.

METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in a university hospital between October 2019 and March 2020. The sample consisted of 247 older adults. Research data were collected using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Falls Efficacy Scale (FES) International, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Assessment Scale of Adaptation Difficulty for the Elderly (ASADE).

RESULTS: The average age of the patients was 73.90 ± 7.38 years, 22.3% of the patients had a fall history in the last year, and 74.5% had a high fear of falling. The mean FES score of the older adult patients was 35.60 ± 11.09, and the mean VAS score was 1.40 ± 1.36. The mean scores for anxiety was 9.30 ± 2.32 and depression was 10.08 ± 1.96. The mean ASADE total score was 16.56 ± 10.7, role and the self-actualization mode score was 9.05 ± 4.66, interdependence mode score was 2.02 ± 1.02, physiological mode score was 3.00 ± 2.03 and self-concept score was 2.47 ± 2.07.

CONCLUSION: The findings revealed that using walking aids, being single, pain, fear of falling, and anxiety affect adaptation difficulties to aging. Anxiety was found to have an effect on all sub-dimensions of adaptation difficulty to aging. There is a need for further studies to determine the correlation between anxiety and the adaptation difficulties experienced by older adults.

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