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HER2-low and Overexpression in Mucinous Ovarian Cancer: Analysis of ASCO/CAP and ToGA Immunohistochemical Scoring.

Mucinous ovarian carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy characterized by resistance to chemotherapy and poor survival in the metastatic setting. HER2 amplification is a frequent late event in carcinogenesis, yet the incidence of HER2-low in mucinous ovarian carcinoma is unknown. Further, the optimal method for determining overexpression in these tumors is not established. We sought to assess the ASCO/CAP and ToGA trial scoring methods for HER2 IHC with correlation to FISH, p53, and mismatch repair protein status and to determine the incidence of HER2-low in mucinous ovarian carcinoma. A total of 29 tumors from 23 patients were included. Immunohistochemistry for HER2, p53, MLH1, PMS2, MSH2, and MSH6 was performed. Scoring was performed according to the ASCO/CAP and ToGA trial criteria. HER2 FISH was performed and scored according to the ASCO/CAP criteria. The proportion of HER2-low, defined as 1+ or 2+ staining with negative FISH, was determined. Using ASCO/CAP, 26% demonstrated 3+ while 35% demonstrated 2+ staining. Using ToGA, 30% demonstrated 3+ while 57% demonstrated 2+ staining. By FISH, 26% were positive for HER2 amplification. Both systems captured all FISH-positive cases; the use of ASCO/CAP resulted in fewer equivocal and false-positive cases. Among HER2-negative cases, 88% were HER2-low. Aberrant p53 expression was detected in 55% of cases; mismatch repair deficiency was not identified in any cases. ASCO/CAP guidelines are accurate and resource-effective in determining HER2 overexpression in mucinous ovarian carcinoma. HER2-low is common in these tumors; further studies to determine the role of HER2-targeted therapy including antibody-drug conjugates are indicated.

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