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Psychotic Experiences and Daily Functioning in Borderline Personality Disorder and Schizophrenia.

Psychotic experiences have been shown to be comparable in borderline personality disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia. Preliminary evidence suggests differences in the impact of psychotic experiences on daily functioning. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the role of psychotic experiences in daily functioning in BPD compared with schizophrenia. We performed post hoc analyses on data from 23 inpatients with BPD and 21 inpatients with schizophrenia, for whom results from the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales were available. No differences were found in frequency, intensity, and disruption of life in relation to auditory verbal hallucinations and the amount of preoccupation and conviction with regard to delusions. Significant differences were found in the disruption of life due to delusions. The results emphasize that the quality of psychotic experiences in BPD and schizophrenia is comparable, but the impact of delusions on daily life is different, which may improve differential diagnosis.

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