Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Tumor-Induced Osteomalacia in a Patient with Crohn's Disease: A Case Report and Approach to Investigating Hypophosphatemia.

INTRODUCTION: Hypophosphatemia occurs commonly in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and can cause considerable morbidity. The differential diagnoses in IBD include nutritional causes and hypophosphatemia induced by some formulations of intravenous iron infusions.

CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 37-year-old man with active Crohn's disease, presenting with difficulty walking and fractures of the vertebrae and calcaneus. He had long-standing hypophosphatemia. Nutritional causes for hypophosphatemia were considered in the first instance given the presence of chronic diarrhea and vitamin D deficiency; however, there was minimal response to appropriate supplementation with oral phosphorous and vitamin D. Iron infusion-induced hypophosphatemia was then considered, but the nadir phosphate level preceded any iron infusion. Therefore, work-up was undertaken for less common causes. He was ultimately diagnosed with tumor-induced osteomalacia, caused by excess fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) secretion from a phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor about the knee. He had complete resolution of symptoms and biochemical abnormalities following successful resection of the tumor.

CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the approach to investigation of hypophosphatemia in IBD patients. If the time course and response to phosphate supplementation are not as expected for nutritional or iron infusion-induced hypophosphatemia, less common causes should be considered.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app