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Harnessing the potential of reverse-phase protein array technology: Advancing precision oncology strategies.

Cancer Science 2024 Februrary 27
The last few decades have seen remarkable strides in the field of cancer therapy. Precision oncology coupled with comprehensive genomic profiling has become routine clinical practice for solid tumors, the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors has transformed the landscape of oncology treatment, and the number of cancer drug approvals has continued to increase. Nevertheless, the application of genomics-driven precision oncology has thus far benefited only 10%-20% of cancer patients, leaving the majority without matched treatment options. This limitation underscores the need to explore alternative avenues with regard to selecting patients for targeted therapies. In contrast with genomics-based approaches, proteomics-based strategies offer a more precise understanding of the intricate biological processes driving cancer pathogenesis. This perspective underscores the importance of integrating complementary proteomic analyses into the next phase of precision oncology to establish robust biomarker-drug associations and surmount challenges related to drug resistance. One promising technology in this regard is the reverse-phase protein array (RPPA), which excels in quantitatively detecting protein modifications, even with limited amounts of sample. Its cost-effectiveness and rapid turnaround time further bolster its appeal for application in clinical settings. Here, we review the current status of genomics-driven precision oncology, as well as its limitations, with an emphasis on drug resistance. Subsequently, we explore the application of RPPA technology as a catalyst for advancing precision oncology. Through illustrative examples drawn from clinical trials, we demonstrate its utility for unraveling the molecular mechanisms underlying drug responses and resistance.

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