Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Five-year changes in macular thickness in the elderly population: A cohort study.

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the 5-year changes in macular thickness and related factors.

METHODS: Data were from the second (2014) and third (2019) phases of the Shahroud Eye Cohort Study. Examinations included measurement of uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity, non-cycloplegic autorefraction, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and funduscopy. Participants underwent Cirrus HD-OCT 4000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA).

RESULTS: The 5-year changes (95% confidence interval) of central and overall macular thicknesses were - 3.48 ± 8.16 μ (-3.92, -3.03) and - 0.79 ± 4.06 μ (-1.03, -0.54), respectively. The median and IQR of 5-year changes in the central subfield thickness were -3 and 10, although they were 0 and 5 in the overall macular thickness, respectively. Multiple regression model showed the central macular thickness (CMT) decreased with a U-shape pattern with increasing age. The 5-year changes in CMT were significantly lower in females compared to males β = -1.55; (-2.78, -0.32) and in smokers compared to non-smokers β = -1.92; (-3.55, -0.28). Moreover, higher body mass index β = -0.12; (-0.22, -0.02) and CMT at baseline β = -0.08; (-0.10, -0.06) were significantly associated with lower CMT changes. The average 5-year changes in overall macular thickness showed a non-linear decrease with age and was significantly higher in females β = 0.93; (0.4, 1.43). These changes were directly related to the anterior chamber depth β = 0.87; (0.10, 1.64) in the baseline.

CONCLUSIONS: The macular thickness decreased slightly after 5 years; however, this change is not clinically significant. Demographic factors such as age and sex and refractive errors were significantly related to macular thickness changes.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app