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PLK1 phosphorylation of ZW10 guides accurate chromosome segregation in mitosis.

Stable transmission of genetic information during cell division requires faithful chromosome segregation. Mounting evidence has demonstrated that PLK1 dynamics at kinetochores control correct kinetochore-microtubule attachments and subsequent silencing of the spindle checkpoint. However, the mechanisms underlying PLK1-mediated silencing of the spindle checkpoint remain elusive. Here, we identified a regulatory mechanism by which PLK1-elicited ZW10 phosphorylation regulates spindle checkpoint silencing in mitosis. ZW10 is a cognate substrate of PLK1, and the phosphorylation of ZW10 at Ser12 enables dynamic ZW10-Zwint1 interactions. Inhibition of ZW10 phosphorylation resulted in misaligned chromosomes, while persistent expression of phospho-mimicking ZW10 mutant caused premature anaphase, in which sister chromatids entangled as cells entered anaphase. These findings reveal the previously uncharacterized PLK1-ZW10 interaction through which dynamic phosphorylation of ZW10 fine-tunes accurate chromosome segregation in mitosis.

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