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Influence of post material and ferrule thickness on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated premolars: A laboratory study.

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The influence of the ferrule thickness and post materials on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth remains unclear.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this laboratory study was to evaluate the influence of post material and ferrule thickness on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular premolars.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-four extracted and endodontically treated mandibular first premolars were used and divided into 4 test groups (n=16) depending on the ferrule thickness: F-0: without a ferrule, F-0.5: with a 0.5-mm ferrule thickness, F-1: with a 1-mm ferrule thickness, and F-1.5: with a 1.5-mm ferrule thickness. In groups with ferrules, the height ranged from 2 mm buccally/lingually to 1 mm proximally. Teeth in subgroups (n=8) were restored with either prefabricated glass fiber (FF) or titanium posts (FT) (ISO size 70 and length of 7.5 mm) and then adhesively restored with composite resin foundation materials. After foundation procedures, each specimen was restored with a cobalt chromium crown which was cemented with glass-ionomer cement. All specimens were subjected to dynamic loading in a masticatory simulator for 1 200 000 loading cycles with a nominal load of 5 Kg at 1.2 Hz and simultaneous thermocycling (5 to 55 °C). Specimens were then quasistatically loaded at 30 degrees in a universal testing machine until fracture. Fracture loads were analyzed by using 2-way ANOVA followed by the Tukey honestly significant difference test (α=.05).

RESULTS: Fracture loads ranged from 610 ±45 N (no ferrule - glass fiber post) to 1216 ±169 N (1.5 mm ferrule thickness - glass fiber post). A statistically significant increase in fracture resistance was observed with increasing ferrule thickness (P<.001). However, post materials did not show a statistically significant influence (P=.977).

CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions of this laboratory study, increasing the ferrule thickness had a significant effect on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth after thermomechanical fatigue, irrespective of post materials.

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