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Breaking the chains of lipoprotein lipase deficiency: A pediatric perspective on the efficacy and safety of Volanesorsen.

RATIONALE: Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency, a rare inherited metabolic disorder, is characterized by high triglyceride (TG) levels and life-threatening acute pancreatitis. Current treatment for pediatric patients involves a lifelong severely fat-restricted diet, posing adherence challenges. Volanesorsen, an EMA-approved RNA therapy for adults, effectively reduces TG levels by decreasing the production of apolipoprotein C-III. This 96-week observational open-label study explores Volanesorsen's safety and efficacy in a 13-year-old female with LPL deficiency.

METHODS: The patient, with a history of severe TG elevations, 53 hospital admissions, and life-threatening recurrent pancreatitis despite dietary restrictions, received weekly subcutaneous Volanesorsen injections. We designed a protocol for this investigator-initiated study, primarily focusing on changes in fasting TG levels and hospital admissions.

RESULTS: While the injections caused occasional pain and swelling, no other adverse events were observed. TG levels decreased during treatment, with more measurements below the pancreatitis risk threshold compared to pre-treatment. No hospital admissions occurred in the initial 14 months of treatment, contrasting with 21 admissions in the 96 weeks before. In the past 10 months, two pancreatitis episodes may have been linked to dietary noncompliance. Dietary restrictions were relaxed, increasing fat intake by 65% compared to baseline. While not fully reflected in the PedsQL, both parents and the patient narratively reported an improved quality of life.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates, for the first time, that Volanesorsen is tolerated in a pediatric patient with severe LPL deficiency and effectively lowers TG levels, preventing life-threatening complications. This warrants consideration for expanded access in this population.

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