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Novel and rare β-lactamase genes of Bacteroides fragilis group species: Detection of the genes and characterization of their genetic backgrounds.

Anaerobe 2024 Februrary 14
OBJECTIVES: This study screened the prevalence of rare β-lactamase genes in Bacteroides fragilis group strains from clinical specimens and normal microbiota and examined the genetic properties of the strains carrying these genes.

METHODS: blaHGD1, blaOXA347, cblA, crxA, and pbbA were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction in collections of Bacteroides strains from clinical (n = 406) and fecal (n = 184) samples. To examine the genetic backgrounds of the samples, end-point PCR, FT-IR, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry were used.

RESULTS: All B. uniformis isolates were positive for cblA in both collections. Although crxA was B. xylanisolvens-specific and associated with carbapenem resistance, it was only found in six fecal and three clinical B. xylanisolvens strains. Moreover, the crxA-positive strains were not clonal among B. xylanisolvens (contrary to cfiA in B. fragilis), implicating a rate of mobility or emergence by independent evolutionary events. The Phocaeicola (B.) vulgatus/P. dorei-specific gene blaHGD1 was detected among all P. vulgatus/P. dorei isolates from fecal (n = 36) and clinical (n = 26) samples. No blaOXA347-carrying isolate was found from European collections, but all US samples (n = 6) were positive. For three clinical isolates belonging to B. thetaiotaomicron (n = 2) and B. ovatus (n = 1), pbbA was detected on mobile genetic elements, and pbbA-positive strains displayed non-susceptibility to piperacillin or piperacillin/tazobactam phenotypically.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on these observations, β-lactamases produced by rare β-lactamase genes in B. fragilis group strains should not be overlooked because they could encode important resistance phenotypes.

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