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Phase I trial of apatinib and paclitaxel+oxaliplatin+5-FU/levoleucovorin for treatment-naïve advanced gastric cancer.

Cancer Science 2024 Februrary 15
Chinese guidelines recommend POF (paclitaxel, oxaliplatin, and 5-FU/levoleucovorin) as first-line treatment for advanced gastric cancer (AGC). Apatinib can augment the antitumor effect of paclitaxel, oxaliplatin, or fluorouracil in preclinical studies of AGC. A phase I clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the anticancer activity and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of apatinib plus POF in treatment-naïve patients with AGC and to establish a recommended phase II dose. Participants received escalating doses of daily oral apatinib (250, 375, 500, 625, 750, and 850 mg) plus POF every 2 weeks using a conventional "3 + 3" study design. Among 21 treated patients, one experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3 skin ulceration at 850 mg). No MTD was reached. Apatinib 750 mg plus POF was recommended for phase II study. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events (AEs) were neutropenia (33.3%), mucositis (14.3%), and hand-foot syndrome (14.3%). Median progression-free and overall survival were 10.4 months (95% CI: 6.3, 14.6) and 18.4 months (95% CI: 9.8, 28.2), respectively. Apatinib up to 850 mg coadministered with POF was well tolerated with manageable AEs. The safety and anticancer activity of this regimen warrants its further investigation as first-line treatment for AGC in a larger study.

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