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A Personalized Cell-Based Therapy for Ischemic Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Safety and Feasibility Outcomes of the Roll-In Cohort of the CardiAMP Cell Therapy Trial and Review of Similar Trials.

Cardiology in Review 2024 Februrary 17
CardiAMP Cell Therapy for Heart Failure trial is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial that has been granted breakthrough designation by the United States Food and Drug Administration. This trial evaluates clinical outcomes of intramyocardial delivery of a high dose of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells in chronic postmyocardial infarction heart failure patients. This trial represents the first attempt to personalize marrow-derived cell-based therapy for the treatment of ischemic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. The roll-in cohort of 10 patients demonstrated improvements in 6-minute walk distance at 6 months (+47.8 m, P = 0.01), 12 months (+46.4 m, P = 0.06), and 24 months (+31 m), and improvements in New York Heart Association class at 3 months (P = 0.015) and 6 months (P = 0.037). Four patients were reduced to New York Heart Association class I at 24 months and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire score was improved in 6 of 10 patients at 24 months. The improved clinical outcomes demonstrated in CardiAMP are consistent with previous clinical trials including the Transendocardial Autologous Cells in Ischemic Heart Failure (TAC-HFT) trial, Prospective Randomized Trial of Direct Endomyocardial Implantation of Bone Marrow Cells for Treatment of Severe Coronary Artery Diseases (PROTECT-CAD), and REGENERATE-Ischemic Heart Disease trial.

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