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Are students with learning disabilities correctly diagnosed in Turkey?

There has been an ongoing debate on how to diagnose learning disability (LD), with experts proposing different approaches. Very limited research is available on the diagnosis of LD in Turkey. This study aims to analyze the problems related to the diagnosis of LD in Turkey. For this purpose, the intelligence test results of the diagnosed students, the opinions of the teachers who referred them for the diagnosis, and the views of the child psychiatrists and psychological counselors involved in the diagnosis were examined. The results showed that the IQ-Achievement Discrepancy approach is implemented in Turkey. It was also revealed that the students' Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-R) average score was 80.31, and teachers mostly reported the weaknesses of the students during the diagnosis process. Psychological counselors and psychiatrists pointed out the outdatedness of the tools used in the diagnosis, the limited number of measurement instruments to be used in the diagnosis, referral of too many students, and the lack of specialists to work in the diagnosis. The results are discussed on the basis of diagnostic approaches.

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