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Factors Predicting the Need for Re-treatment After Laser Refractive Surgery in Patients With Mixed Astigmatism.

PURPOSE: To identify risk factors that increase the likelihood of re-treatment following refractive surgery in patients with mixed astigmatism.

METHODS: This was a retrospective study including patients who underwent either laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) between 2000 and 2019 and had mixed astigmatism (spherical error of +0.50 D or greater and spherical equivalent of less than 0.00 diopters [D]). Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they underwent re-treatments during the study period.

RESULTS: Overall, 785 eyes (785 patients) were included. In total, 5.2% of the eyes (n = 41) underwent re-treatment. The re-treatment group was more likely to have preoperative high astigmatism (80.5% vs 48.3%, P < .001), moderate to high hyperopia (36.6% vs 22.3%, P = .035), and to have undergone surgery earlier during the study period ( P < .001). They were also more likely to have undergone surgery using the Wave-Light EX200 rather than the EX500 laser platform (Alcon Laboratories, Inc) ( P < .001), have a treated optical zone of 6 mm rather than 6.5 mm ( P < .001 for both), and their maximum ablation depth was greater ( P < .001). There was no difference between the re-treatment and control groups regarding procedure type (PRK vs LASIK). Binary logistic regression found preoperative high astigmatism (odds ratio = 3.97, P < .001) and the type of laser platform used (EX200, odds ratio = 7.78, P < .001) as the only independent factors associated with re-treatment.

CONCLUSIONS: Re-treatment rates following correction of mixed astigmatism were 5.2% over 20 years. Use of a sixth-generation laser platform significantly reduced the risk of re-treatment. Presence of high astigmatism is a significant risk factor for re-treatment. There was no difference in retreatment risk between PRK and LASIK. [ J Refract Surg . 2024;40(2):e73-e78.] .

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