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Measurement invariance of the Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Scale across race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and plurality of minoritized identities.

Psychological Assessment 2024 Februrary 9
Measurement invariance across diverse groups, though crucial for determining the generalizability of a measure, has not yet been tested in many assessments of suicidal thoughts. The present study assessed the measurement invariance and psychometric properties of one such assessment, the Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale, across multiple identity dimensions in a large data set ( n = 1,118) that combined three diverse samples. Findings supported measurement invariance of the scale by race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation when comparing those who were majority-aligning with their minoritized counterparts, as well as good internal consistency and expected convergent validity. The expected one-factor structure fit well for all three of the samples assessed. Overall, the results support measurement invariance and generalizability of the Depressive Symptom Inventory-Suicidality Subscale. Future studies should continue assessing measures of suicidal thoughts and behaviors through testing invariance across identities, especially as it pertains to specific identity subgroups and their intersections. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).

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