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Correlations of 2 Novel Inflammation Indexes With the Risk for Early Neurological Deterioration in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients After Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapy.

Neurologist 2024 May 2
OBJECTIVES: Elevation of the systemic immune inflammation (SII) index and system inflammation response index (SIRI) is known to be associated with higher risk of stroke and all-cause death. However, no study has reported their correlation with early neurological deterioration (END) following recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (IV-rtPA) in acute ischemic stroke patients. The aim of this study was to explore the correlation of SII and SIRI with the risk of END after IV-rtPA.

METHODS: Included in this study were 466 consecutive patients treated with IV-rtPA. SII and SIRI were calculated according to blood cell counts before IV-rtPA. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on trisectional quantiles according to SII and SIRI values. The risk of END was assessed by multivariate regression. The overall discriminative ability of SII and SIRI in predicting END was assessed by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.

RESULTS: Of the 466 included patients, 62 (13.3%) were identified as having END. Compared with the first tertile of SII, multivariable regression analysis demonstrated that patients were more likely to have END (odds ratio 2.54; 95% CI: 1.23-5.23) and poor outcome at 90 days (odds ratio 2.02; 95% CI: 1.06-3.86) in third tertile after adjustment for potential confounders. In addition, a cutoff value of 591.63 for SII was detected in predicting post-thrombolysis END with a sensitivity of 58.1% and a specificity of 64.6% (area under the curve 0.61; 95% CI: 0.54-0.69).

CONCLUSIONS: Higher SII but not SIRI may prove to be a predictor for high risk of END and a poor functional outcome at 90 days after IV-rtPA.

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