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Penetrating colored pencil injury with Clostridium bifermentans pre-septal cellulitis: case report, literature review, and treatment algorithm.

Orbit 2024 Februrary 8
The incidence of penetrating orbital injuries from writing instruments continues to rise in the pediatric population. Such injuries can cause significant visual morbidity and have a lifelong psychosocial impact. While the description of graphite pencil-related orbital trauma management is well demonstrated with over 40 reported cases, a lack of consistent management protocol for colored pencil-related injuries. Here, we report an inadvertent penetrating orbital colored pencil injury with progressive mechanical ptosis and pre-septal cellulitis necessitating urgent orbitotomy, debridement, and washout to reduce inflammatory and infectious burden. The wooden body serves as a nidus for polymicrobial infection, and the unique composition of colored pencil cores may lead to inflammatory processes that require vigilant multidisciplinary surgical and medical management reflected in our literature review.

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