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First episode psychosis caregiver perspectives on motivational interviewing for loved ones training: A qualitative study.

BACKGROUND: Past research has found that family involvement in psychosis treatment leads to better patient outcomes. Thus, caregiver communication skills training can be a viable approach to reducing caregiver stress and increasing self-efficacy and communication.

AIM: The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe family caregivers' perceptions of changes in themselves and their family member with psychosis following their participation in Motivational Interviewing in Loved Ones (MILO), a brief four to five-hour psychoeducational intervention for caregivers.

METHODS: Sixty-three participants in the MILO trials provided written qualitative responses to the prompt, "Since learning the ideas and techniques in this course, what is the most significant change you noticed in yourself, your family, or your relationships?" Responses were collected immediately following MILO participation and 12 weeks later. Qualitative themes were identified through an iterative consensus process.

RESULTS: Most participants reported positive changes in multiple domains of their lives. Major themes included: (1) Changes in Self, (2) Changes in Relationships, (3) Changes in Mindset, (4) Use of MILO Skills, and (5) Challenges.

CONCLUSION: Qualitative results support and add context to the previously reported quantitative results from this study. MILO is a promising family intervention that positively influenced family environment and communication in pilot trials. Adaptations of MILO for families outside of a highly educated North American context should be considered.

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