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Potential of Mac-2-binding protein glycan isomer as a new therapeutic target in pancreatic cancer.

Cancer Science 2024 Februrary 7
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a challenging malignancy to treat. Mac-2-binding protein glycan isomer (M2BPGi) is a novel serum marker of liver fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and is secreted by hepatic stellate and stroma cells. Serum M2BPGi levels are upregulated in PC patients. We measured the expression of M2BPGi in the serum of 27 PC patients and determined whether M2BPGi affects the malignant potential of PC cells in vitro. We also examined the effect of M2BP on PC tumor growth and gemcitabine sensitivity in vivo. Serum M2BPGi levels in PC patients were higher compared with those of healthy subjects. M2BPGi extraction in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) was higher compared with that of PC cells. M2BPGi treatment promoted the proliferation and invasion of PC cells. The suppression of galectin-3, which binds to M2BPGi, did not affect the proliferation-promoting effect of M2BPGi in PC cells. The suppression of M2BP reduced tumor growth and enhanced gemcitabine sensitivity in PC-bearing xenograft mice. CAF-derived M2BPGi promotes the proliferation and invasion of PC cells. Targeting M2BPGi may represent a new therapeutic strategy to circumvent refractory PC.

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