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Total hip arthroplasty with monobloc press-fit acetabular components and large-diameter bearings for atypical acetabula is safe: a consecutive case series of 125 hips with mean follow-up of 9 years.

BACKGROUND: Large-diameter head (LDH) total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a monobloc acetabular component improves hip stability. However, obtaining initial press-fit stability is quite challenging in atypical acetabula. The purpose of this study was to assess primary and secondary fixation of monobloc cups in atypical acetabula.

METHODS: In this consecutive case series, the local arthroplasty database was used to retrospectively identify patients with secondary osteoarthritis who underwent primary hip replacement with press-fit only LDH monobloc acetabular components between 2005 and 2018 and who had a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. Radiographic evaluation was performed at last follow-up, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were assessed with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS), and the Patient's Joint Perception (PJP) question.

RESULTS: One hundred and six LDH THAs and 19 hip resurfacings were included in the study. Preoperative diagnoses included hip dysplasia (36.8%), Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (32.0%), osteoarthritis with acetabular deficiency (17.6%), periacetabular osteotomy (8.0%), arthrodesis (4.0%), and osteopetrosis (1.6%). After a mean follow-up of 9.2 years, no aseptic loosening of the acetabular component was recorded nor observed on radiologic review. There were 13 (10.4%) revisions unrelated to the acetabular component fixation. The mean WOMAC and FJS scores were 9.2 and 80.9, respectively. In response to the PJP question, 49.4% of the patients perceived their hip as natural, 19.1% as an artificial joint with no restriction, 31.5% as an artificial joint with restriction, and none as a non-functional joint.

CONCLUSION: Primary press-fit fixation of monobloc acetabular components with LDH implanted in atypical acetabula led to secondary fixation in all cases with low revision and complication rates and great functional outcomes. With careful surgical technique and experience, systematic use of supplemental screw fixation is not essential in THA with atypical acetabula.

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