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Management of Hypertension in Patients With Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: A Mini-Review.

Cardiology in Review 2024 Februrary 3
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common problem among young women. It is characterized mainly by hyperandrogenism features, such as hirsutism, menstrual problems, and anovulation. Diagnosis is based on the existence of 2 items out of, oligo-ovulation, hyperandrogenism features, and ultrasounds findings. Cardiovascular complications such as hypertension are a prevalent serious condition in these patients which is mainly predisposed by the high levels of androgens, and insulin resistance. High blood pressure should be controlled well to prevent the progression of other serious conditions. Various antihypertensive drugs could be prescribed. However, in selecting an antihypertensive medication, other therapeutic properties of the drug should also be considered. Up to now, many clinicians do not differ between PCOS patients with hypertension and other hypertensive patients. However, being aware of the potential effects of each hypertension drug could help to choose better options for the patient. Here is a brief review of how each antihypertensive drug could affect PCOS women and if they cause any improvement in the disorder progression.

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