Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Effect of Lurasidone on Social Functioning in Schizophrenia: Post Hoc Analysis of the JEWEL Study.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of lurasidone on social functioning in schizophrenia over the course of a 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study and a subsequent 12-week open-label extension study. Methods: A total of 478 patients with schizophrenia (per DSM-IV-TR criteria) randomized to either lurasidone 40 mg/d (n = 245) or placebo (n = 233) in the initial 6-week double-blind study (initiated May 2016, completed November 2018) were included in the analysis. Longer-term changes were examined in a sample of 146 patients who received lurasidone, and 141 who received placebo, during the 6-week study and received flexibly dosed (40-80 mg/d) lurasidone during the 12-week extension phase. The 4-item Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) prosocial subscale was used to examine changes in social functioning. Results: At week 6 of the double-blind phase, lurasidone-treated patients had significantly greater improvement on the PANSS prosocial subscale compared to placebo-treated patients ( P  < .01, effect size at week 6 = 0.33). Significant differences from placebo were also evident at week 2 ( P  < .05), week 4 ( P  < .001), and week 5 ( P  < .01). Across the 12-week extension phase, patients who received lurasidone during both the 6-week double-blind phase and the 12-week open-label phase continued to show successive decreases in scores on the 4-item PANSS prosocial subscale (score change of -3.0 from double-blind baseline to week 6; mean score change of -4.2 from double-blind baseline to week 12 of the extension phase). Conclusions: In patients with schizophrenia treated with lurasidone, social functioning improved relative to placebo during a 6-week double-blind study and continued to improve over the course of 12 weeks of extension treatment with lurasidone. Effects of lurasidone on social functioning appear to be comparable to what has been reported for other atypical antipsychotics. Trial Registration: EudraCT Numbers: 2016-000060-42 and 2016-000061-23.

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