Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Efficacy and safety of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation in elderly patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation (CA) is a well-established therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF); however, there is paucity of data for elderly patients. We aimed to assess long-term efficacy and safety of CA for elderly patients with AF.

METHODS: Medline, BVS, Cochrane, and Embase were searched through April 2023 to investigate comparative outcomes between elderly patients > 75 or 80 years, as per-study cutoff, and individuals ≤ 75/80 years, undergoing CA. Primary efficacy and safety endpoints (AF recurrence and procedure-related major complications) were pooled with the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 3.0 software. Subgroup analyses were performed by age groups and type of procedure (radiofrequency vs. cryoballoon).

RESULTS: Four thousand eight hundred twenty-nine titles were screened, and 27 studies were included, being 26 observational and 1 randomized trial, comprising 117,869 patients, being 8714 (7.4%) elderly > 75/80 years, with follow-up from 11.7 to 72.3 months. In comparative studies (N = 17 studies), elderly > 75/80 years had a higher risk of AF recurrence compared to those ≤ 75/80: relative risk (RR) 1.16 (95% CI 1.05-1.27, p = 0.002. However, funnel plot indicated publication bias, and after imputation of 5 studies, the groups were similar (RR 1.07 (95% CI 0.97-1.19)). The rates of major complications (N = 14 studies) were higher in elderly > 75/80 years (RR 1.30 (95% CI 1.10-1.54), I2  = 0, p = 0.002), but were similar in cryoablation studies (N = 7) (RR 1.10, 95% CI 0.94-1.29, p = 0.24, I2  = 0.0). Results were similar when individual study arms (N = 27 studies) were pooled.

CONCLUSION: AF ablation is feasible in elderly patients > 75/80 years, with success rates compared to younger individuals. Complication rates, however, were higher.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app