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Fundus examination using a wide-angle viewing system and intraocular illumination through the corneal incision during cataract surgery: a case series.

PURPOSE: To report a new technique for fundus examination using a wide-angle viewing system combined with intraocular illumination without accessing the vitreous cavity.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series METHODS: Consecutive patients with atopic dermatitis-related cataracts who underwent standard cataract surgery and the novel fundus examination technique were included. After phacoemulsification, the anterior and posterior chambers were filled with ocular viscoelastic devices. A 27-gauge endo-illumination probe was inserted into the anterior chamber through a corneal incision made for cataract surgery. The fundus examination was performed with a wide-angle viewing system and scleral indentation. If any retinal breaks/detachments were detected, they were treated simultaneously. Finally, an intraocular lens was implanted.

RESULTS: Ten patients (13 eyes) were included (mean age 26.8 years; 9 men). Retinal breaks were detected in 5 eyes (38%); 2 of the 5 had rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) (15%). Intraoperative cryopexy was performed for 3 eyes with retinal breaks, while 2 eyes with RRD underwent a scleral buckling procedure (SBP) during the same surgery. There were no intra- or postoperative complications, including posterior capsule damage. The average surgical time was 22 minutes for cases requiring only fundus examination and about 28 and for eyes with cryopexy and 80 minutes for SBP.

CONCLUSION: The described technique may reduce the disadvantages of creating scleral incisions and provide comparable visibility to inserting the illuminator into the vitreous cavity.

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