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SMARCB1 (INI1) Deficient Tumours of the Uterine Cervix: Report of Two Cases, Including One Associated With an NTRK Fusion.

Pathogenic variants (mutations) and other molecular events involving subunits of the SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable chromatin remodelling complex are common in a wide variety of malignancies. Many of these neoplasms are characterized by undifferentiated morphology. They arise at a variety of sites in the female genital tract but have rarely been reported in the uterine cervix. We report 2 primary cervical neoplasms arising in young women (ages 28 and 29 yr) exhibiting loss of nuclear immunoreactivity with SMARCB1 (INI1). In one case, which had a mixture of epithelioid and spindle cells, molecular studies revealed no SMARCB1 pathogenic variant, but showed a SPECCL1::NTRK 3 fusion, in keeping with an NTRK fusion sarcoma. The second case exhibited rhabdoid morphology and molecular testing confirmed a SMARCB1 pathogenic variant (c.425 T>G:p.(Leu142Ter) which, interpreted in conjunction with the morphology and immunohistochemistry, resulted in classification as a proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported cervical neoplasm exhibiting a SMARCB1 pathogenic variant and the first NTRK fusion sarcoma showing SMARCB1 protein loss. We discuss the diagnostic challenges and complexities of the molecular findings.

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